With gdeploy, the user get to remotely configure a lot of features in multiple machines, without worrying dealing with the complexities of writing Ansible Playbooks, modules, etc. It is the duty of the developer to worry about all these things. Adding a new feature to gdeploy is relatively easy, but comes with the cost of writing playbooks and modules(if necessary) for Ansible. So this guide assumes that the developer is comfortable with Python and has got the basic working knowledge of Ansible.
gdeploy - Developer setup¶
To setup the development environment, refer Installing from source.
Proceed further once you are done with the setup.
gdeploy is a very lightweight, simple tool that efficiently make use of Ansible, hiding the major complexities of it from the user, that does numerous operations on remote machines sequentially. To do this, gdeploy divides the logic to 3 parts:
Ansible module that implements the desired logic to be executed in the remote machine.
Ansible playbook that makes use of the already present Ansible module and specifies how a particular operation is to be performed.
A section independent from both the above sections that reads the user configuration file, parses it accordingly, sets default values for some if not provided by the user, and then populate all these data in variables that the Ansible playbook will then use. More about these variable can be found in the Ansible documentation about them
For this, gdeploy provide what we call the sections or features(Features). Each feature will have n-number of options for which the user will specify the value.
Adding your first feature to gdeploy¶
In order to add a new feature to Ansible, the developer has to make sure the three above mentioned components or sections are written properly and works as intended.
The development process can be started in the following order:
1. Write the Ansible module, if needed. 2. Write Ansible playbooks that does the necessary operations in the right order. 3. Add a feature with a suitable name matching your requirement to the gdeploy framework.
** Add a feature to gdeploy **
Use the gdeploy option –addfeature for this. To add a feature names “myfeature”:
$ gdeploy –addfeature myfeature
This will create a directory <l>myfeature</l> under <l>features</l> directory. If you look inside this directory, you will see that gdeploy has created 3 files for you: an init file, a JSON file and a python script. You need just edit the JSON file and the python script to make gdeploy do what you want. The JSON file is used by gdeploy to validate the user configuration provided for your feature(in this case, ‘myfeature’). The necessary option for every feature in gdeploy is the option named ‘action’. Specify each one of your feature’s action inside the action hash in the JSON file. Each of these action keys will have a list names ‘options’ which will specify the options that is to be provided corresponding to each of these actions. This is the JSON file written to implement the snapshot feature in gdeploy.
Once your JSON is ready, the next big task is to create playbooks to run for each of these actions. This is where we cannot help you much. Writing playbooks and modules depends on your feature. So put your Python and Ansible skills to good use and write some cool playbooks. Playbooks should go under the directory <l>playbooks</l> under the working directory and modules should go under the directory <l>modules</l> under the working directory. Once your playbooks are in, add these playbook file names to the file defaults.py, just because it is cleaner.
Now you just have to let gdeploy know which playbook corresponds to which feature action. This is where the python script comes into picture. There should be a function corresponding to each feature action inside this Python script. The function name should be in the format ‘myfeature_actionname’. You need just edit the dummy method names provided inside the script. I am sure you will figure it out. It is pretty straight forward. As you will see inside the scripts, each function will have a parameter being passed, ‘section_dict’. This dictionary holds the as keys and values, the options and their corresponding values provided by the user in her configuration file under the section ‘myfeature’. Just print it out and see for yourself if you are happy with the format. You can modify the keys and values in the dictionary as per your needs. Each function should return 2 parameters: One is the modified or not modified section_dict and other is the playbook to be run for that particular section. Just edit the YML_NAME and let the defaults be.